Bombax ceiba (Sawar, Silk Cotton Tree)

Taxonomy

Kingdom:
Plantae
Division:
Angiospermae
Class:
Magnoliopsida
Order:
Malvales
Family:
Malvaceae
Genus:
Bombax
Species :
B. ceiba
Height:
20 - 66 Feet
Leaf Size:
10 - 20 cm
Leaf Type:
Digitate

Bombax ceiba is commonly known as the cotton tree. This tropical tree has a straight tall trunk and its leaves are deciduous in winter. Red flowers with 5 petals appear in the spring before the new foliage.

Native Area: North India

Requirement

Soil: Deep alluvial

Sunlight: Full sun

Utility

Medicinal: Used to treat Bacterial, viral and protozoal infections, various skin disorders and headaches

Flowers: Flowers are used to prepare eco-friendly colour to play with during the festival of Holi

Fruit: Floss isolated from its fruits is an used as a material for making padded surgical dressings, insulating material for refrigerators, soundproof covers and walls and is being vermin-proof. Also used for making cushions, pillows and upholstery

Importance

Religious: The whole silk cotton tree or a large branch of the tree with sacred thread, coconut and vermilion and dry grass tied over it, is fixed in the ground on Magha Purnima (full moon day of preceding month of Holika-dahan), after cleaning and worshiping the land.

Cultural: -