Butea monosperma (Palas)

Taxonomy

Kingdom:
Plantae
Division:
Angiospermae
Class:
Magnoliopsida
Order:
Fabales
Family:
Fabaceae
Genus:
Butea
Species :
B. monosperma
Height:
15 - 20 Feet
Leaf Size:
8 - 20 cm
Leaf Type:
Pinnate

Commonly known as Palash or Flame of the Forrest, it is a moderate sized deciduous tree, which is widely distributed across India. Between January and March, the crown is covered with a riot of orange coloured scentless flowers.

Native Area:-

Requirement

Soil: Rich, Loamy

Sunlight: Full sun

Utility

Medicinal: -

Flowers: Used to prepare traditional colour for Holi. A bright yellow to deep orange-red dye is also prepared, used especially for dyeing silk and cotton.

Fruit: -

Importance

Religious: A sacred tree, referred to as the treasurer of Gods. The flowers are offered as in place of in sacrifice rituals to Goddess Kali.

Cultural: It is the state flower of Madhya Pradesh as well as Uttar Pradesh.